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Eye Conditions

Below are brief descriptions of the various eye conditions we commonly see and treat at Fong Eyecare Center in Honolulu.

There are many different types of eye conditions that could be affecting your eyesight or could have long-term consequences if not treated properly or promptly. We list some of the more common conditions below. If you think you or someone in your family has one of these conditions, please contact Fong Eyecare Center in Honolulu for an exam and recommendations.

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

Lazy eye, medically known as amblyopia, is a loss or lack of development of vision, usually in one eye. This degenerative process usually begins with an inherited condition and appears during infancy or early childhood. Lazy eye needs to be diagnosed between birth and early school age since it is during this period that the brain “chooses” its visual pathway and may ignore the weaker eye permanently.

Lazy eye is not always easy to recognize since a child with worse vision in one eye does not necessarily have lazy eye. Because of this, it is recommended that all children, including those with no symptoms, have a comprehensive eye examination by the age of three and sooner if there is a family history of any eye condition or disease. If you suspect a problem, or need to set up your child’s first eye examination, contact Fong Eyecare Center to set up an appointment.


Blepharitis is a general term for an inflammation of the eyelid and eyelashes. It is among the most common and stubborn eye conditions usually resulting from poor eyelid hygiene, a low-grade bacterial infection (usually staphylococcal), an allergic reaction and/or abnormalities in oil gland function.

Like some other skin conditions, blepharitis can be controlled but not cured. The main goals in treating it are to reduce the amount of bacteria along the lid margin and open plugged glands. Contact Fong Eyecare Center to assess the severity of your problem and the best treatment method.


A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s normally clear lens, which leads to a progressive blurring or dimming of vision. It is the world’s leading cause of blindness and among the most common conditions related to aging – by age 65, you have a 50 percent chance of developing a cataract, and, by age 75, it jumps to 70 percent.

A cataract starts out small and initially has little or no effect on vision. As the cataract progresses, it becomes harder to read and perform other normal tasks. In the early stages, your doctor may recommend stronger eyeglasses and adjusting your lighting to reduce glare. When cataracts disrupt your daily life, your doctor may recommend cataract-removal surgery, which is one of the most frequent and successful procedures done in the U.S.

Computer Vision Syndrome

Computer Vision Syndrome is characterized by neck pain, blurry vision, stiff shoulders, headache and watery eyes when working in front of a computer screen. The symptoms are typically due to posture, dry eyes, eye muscle coordination and poorly corrected vision.

Since computer monitors are typically 20 to 26 inches from your eyes, your regular glasses may not be the best option for computer work. This distance range is considered intermediate – closer than what you use to drive a car but farther away than what you use to read. Special lens designs for computer work provide you with a larger intermediate area for viewing the computer and your immediate work area like the top of your desk. Fong Eyecare Center can help you determine if these special lenses are appropriate for you.

Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome refers to a breakdown in the quantity or quality of tears to moisten, cleanse and protect the eyes. This is significant because, with each blink, tears protect the surface of the eye, washing away dust and microorganisms. When this protective coating dries up, the eyes may feel “gritty” or burn and can be more sensitive to light. In extreme cases, vision can be blurred.

If you suspect that you have dry eye, see your eye doctor. Proper care will not only increase your comfort – it will protect your eyes. Your eye care provider can perform a series of tests to determine if you have dry eyes.


Glaucoma is an eye disorder that causes progressive damage to the optic nerve and loss of nerve tissue, resulting in loss of vision beginning peripherally.  The optic nerve is a bundle of about one million individual nerve fibers that transmits the visual signals from the eye to the brain.  with the loss of nerve fibers, vision loss may result.  Advanced glaucoma may even cause blindness.

The signs and symptoms of glaucoma vary, but the most common type of glaucoma often develops slowly and painlessly, with no early warning signs.  The best way to determine if glaucoma is a concern is a comprehensive eye examination.  Early detection is key, and our advanced diagnostic equipment can pick up early changes in the nerve, in many cases even before any functional loss of vision occurs.  Once detected, treatment can be implemented.

Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease that occurs when there are changes to the central vision or macula.  The macula is a small portion of the retina that is located on the inside back layer of the eye and is used to focus on details.  AMD reduces central vision and makes seeing objects and details straight ahead difficult or impossible.

AMD is the leading cause of vision loss among people over age 50.  Some signs/symptoms of AMD are:  gradual loss of central vision; objects appear to be distorted in shape and straight lines appear wavy or crooked; loss of clear color vision; a dark or empty area appearing in the center of vision.  In early stages, signs/symptoms may not be noticeable, so regular eye examinations are important in early detection.

Although there is no cure for AMD, studies have shown that early stages of the “dry” form can be managed to slow down progression through nutrition, lifestyle changes and careful monitoring.  If there is progression to the more debilitating “wet” form, there are treatments that can be performed by a retinal specialist.


Cross-eyed, medically known as strabismus, refers to a condition in which eyes are misaligned. It commonly occurs when the muscles that control eye movement are not properly working together. The result is one or both eyes turning inward, outward, upward or downward, or one or both eyes moving irregularly.

Strabismus is usually diagnosed during childhood and affects about 4 percent of children, afflicting boys and girls equally. Though it cannot be prevented, its complications can be avoided with early intervention. Even if you notice symptoms intermittently – when your child is ill, stressed or fatigued – alert your eye care provider.

Fong Eyecare Center has the experience and equipment necessary to diagnose and often treat the eye conditions detailed above at our office in Honolulu. For more information please schedule an appointment with your eye care provider, and we will be in touch with you shortly.